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Mountains cover ca.24 % of the earth’s surface and are home to 28 % of the closed forests (Edwards et al. 1996) and are known to influence the livelihoods of nearly 40% of the global human population (Singh et al. 2010). Tropical mountains are particularly important as they are the only source of snow and snowmelt water that carries valuable plant nutrients which supports traditional farming in mountains as well as plains in the river catchments. The Indian Himalayan region of the country falls under one of the mega-biodiversity hotspots in the world and is having a mosaic of human settlements with different socio-cultural backgrounds utilizing the biological and natural resources suiting to the environmental conditions and the knowledge systems (Ramakrishnan 2002). Hence, this cultural landscape could be considered as a hot spot for conglomeration of traditional knowledge systems Traditionally people in the region have lived with the nature in harmony and developed various traditional systems as part of their livelihood that sustained for thousands of years.

However, presently due to the factors such as increase in human population, low productivity of fragile mountain ecology and increased use of modern and/or unsustainable development practices, these traditional knowledge systems are eroding at a faster pace. It is therefore being felt that these rich traditional knowledge systems need to be understood, documented in an integrated manner for conservation of Himalayan ecosystems and wellbeing of humans. Fragmented information in the form of isolated research papers or reports is available from different parts of the region but, so far there is no single `Platform for Indigenous Knowledge Systems in the Himalayan region’ that integrates the rich ethics behind traditional knowledge to assist the formal decision support systems for sustainable development of the Indian Himalayan region.

Therefore, the present Network Program or a `Platform Research for Traditional Knowledge Systems’ is being proposed to attempt to converge TKS into decision support systems for sustainable development of the Indian Himalayan region.

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JNUProject Organiser

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Vigyan PrasarNetwork Partner

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IIM AhmedabadNetwork Partner

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DRDONetwork Partner

Latest TKS Added

Ethnobotanical uses of piscicidal plants

Harvesting of fish using piscicidal (fish poisoning) plants has been a common practice by the tribal people of Nagaland. The present study documents the piscicidal plants and their usage based on the information acquired from the local community. Many of these plants besides piscicidal property possess other therapeutic properties which are used in traditional medicines. Seventeen piscicidal plants which are traditionally used for fish catching and in preparation of local medicine from the state of Nagaland have been recorded, along with plant parts, viz. roots, bark, leaves, fruits and seeds. The paper enumerates and discusses the piscicidal and ethnobotanical utilization of these plants and their bio-active compounds. Some of these plants may have application in fish nursery management by local farmers substituting for rotenone.

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  • IHBT


  • Kashmir University




  • Doon University


  • WII


  • NEHU


  • JNU


  • IIM


  • Vigyan Prasar


Indigenous peoples & Local communities have demanded equivalent protection for their traditional knowledge